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Zahl der Kurzarbeiter sank im April um 10 Prozent

von Hubert Hunscheidt

Die Zahl der Kurzarbeiter ist im April um 10 Prozent gesunken, von 3,0* auf 2,7 Millionen Menschen. Das schätzt das ifo Institut auf Basis seiner monatlichen Konjunkturumfrage und Daten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit. In der Industrie fiel die Zahl im April von 535.000 auf 444.000 Menschen. Damit sind dort noch 6,4 Prozent der Beschäftigten in Kurzarbeit. „Aber unverändert hoch bei 53,2 Prozent oder 565.000 der Beschäftigten liegt die Zahl der Kurzarbeiter im Gastgewerbe“, sagt ifo-Arbeitsmarktexperte Sebastian Link.

Der Einzelhandel durfte vielerorts nur unter strengen Corona-Auflagen öffnen. Dennoch sank die Zahl der Kurzarbeiter von 375.000 auf 276.000. Das sind noch 11,2 Prozent. Im Handel insgesamt, mit Großhandel und Autohändlern, sank die Zahl von 598.000 auf 433.000, das sind 9,5 Prozent der Beschäftigten. Überdurchschnittlich betroffen war auch das Druckgewerbe mit 22,1 Prozent oder 28.000 Beschäftigten. Die sonstigen wirtschaftlichen Dienstleister waren zu 10,1 Prozent auf Kurzarbeit, was 228.000 Menschen bedeutet.
Unterdurchschnittlich betroffen waren im April die Autobranche mit 4,8 Prozent oder 45.400 Beschäftigten, die Hersteller von elektrischen Ausrüstungen mit 2,8 Prozent oder 9700 Mitarbeitern sowie die Chemie-, Pharma-, Gummi- und Kunststoff-Branche mit 1,8 Prozent oder 16.400 Beschäftigten.

*Korrigierter Wert. Die ursprüngliche ifo-Schätzung für März belief sich auf 2,7 Millionen. Grund für die Korrektur ist eine umfangreiche Revision der Bundesagentur für Arbeit. Sie revidierte ihre erste Hochrechnung für Januar um ca. 300.000 Beschäftigte nach oben.

Quelle: ifo Institut / Foto: fotolia

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