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In der Bauwirtschaft stürzt die Stimmung ab

von Hubert Hunscheidt

Im Hochbau zeigten sich im April 54,2 Prozent der Betriebe von Lieferengpässen betroffen, nach 37,2 Prozent im März, beim Tiefbau 46,2 Prozent, nach noch 31,5 Prozent. „Das sind Höchststände seit Beginn der Zeitreihe 1991“, sagt ifo-Forscher Felix Leiss. Auch die Geschäftserwartungen haben sich verdunkelt. Im Hochbau notierten sie bei minus 46,9 Punkten, das ist ebenfalls der tiefste Stand seit 1991. Im Tiefbau waren es sogar minus 48,6 Punkte.

„Russland und die Ukraine sind wichtige Lieferanten von Baustahl, hier herrscht nun Knappheit. Beim Bitumen – benötigt für den Straßenbau und zur Abdichtung – gibt es weitere Verwerfungen. Die Herstellung vieler Baumaterialien ist zudem sehr energieintensiv. Die starken Preisanstiege bei den Energieträgern bedrohen deshalb auch die heimische Produktion und sorgen für weitere Verteuerungen beim Baumaterial“, ergänzt Leiss.

„Bei laufenden Projekten stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit Kostensteigerungen weitergegeben werden können. Neue Projekte sind kaum kalkulierbar. Auf der anderen Seite steigen für Bauherren die Zinsen für die Finanzierung“, sagt Leiss weiter. Daher kommt es bereits zu mehr Auftragsstornierungen, wie die ifo-Umfrage weiter zeigt. Im April meldeten das 7,5 Prozent der Hochbauer, nach 4,6 Prozent im März. Bei den Tiefbauern beklagten 9,3 Prozent Stornos, im März waren es nur 3,9 Prozent.

Quelle: ifo Institut / Foto: Fotolia

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